In celebration of Pride Month, today’s Doodle honors the American astronomer and longtime gay rights activist Dr. Frank Kameny, who is hailed as one of the most prominent figures in the US LGBTQ movement. Triggered by gay and lesbian Americans who stormed the White House in 1965 and hid in the attic of the home of gay civil rights activist Frank Kamenys before donating it to the Library of Congress in 2006, the letter established the most discriminatory federal policy against gays in the last decade. Letter to the President from the White House, Washington D.C., to Frank Kamenny, 1965.
Frank Kameny served in the US Army during World War II, received his doctorate in astronomy from Harvard, and was employed as a government official in 1957. Kameny, who was hired as an astronomer for the Army Map Service, was confronted with reports that he was gay. He was fired in January 1958 and, at the age of 32, banned from working for the federal government.
Franklin Edward “ Frank “ Kameny was dismissed from his position as a astronomer with the US Army Map Service in Washington, D.C., in 1957 because of his homosexuality, prompting him to embark on a Herculean struggle against the American establishment and begin a new phase of militancy in the early 1960s gay rights movement.
In 1957 Kameny, who worked as an astronomer at the Army Map Service in Washington D.C., was fired by the federal government because he was gay after another man had been arrested a year earlier in San Francisco. Kameny fought his dismissal by sueing the government in federal court and eventually bringing the case to the US Supreme Court. A lower court ruling confirmed his career as a civil servant and astronomer.
In 2009, the United States government apologized to Frank Kameny for his discharge from his job with Army Map Service for being gay. Executive Order 10450 was used to dismiss gays like Kameny from their federal jobs. Kameny took another job with the Army in 1957, but was fired when his superiors learned he was openly gay.
Whether it’s not for everyone to know the basics of Frank Kameny’s life, we encourage you to explore these resources. Here’s an article about artifacts from his activist career that are owned by the Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History. Kameny was featured in a newly distributed comic anthology that contains additional links to videos and includes a great Charles Osgood tribute to Kameny on CBS Sunday Morning on October 16, 2011.
In 1961, Frank Kameny, a pioneering gay rights activist who had been dismissed from government office for his homosexuality, asked the Supreme Court to intervene. Kameny wrote to President Kennedy asking him to change the rules so that homosexuals could be removed from government. In 1964, Kameny argued that homosexuals faced severe discrimination, especially blacks, and that the government could not help them by discriminating against them.
After the Stonewall uprising, gay rights activist Frank Kameny is considered to be one of the most important figures in the LGBTQ movement in the US, which is at the forefront of changing public perceptions of homosexuals.
After moving to Washington D.C., Kameny taught astronomy at Georgetown University for a year before being hired in July 1957 by the U.S. Army Map Service. When the Army learned of his arrest in San Francisco, Kameny’s superiors questioned him, but he refused to give any information about his sexual orientation. Franklin Edward Kameny was hired by the Army as an astronomer the next year, but lasted only five months before the government learned that he had been arrested by the Morale Squad in Lafayette Park near the White House, known as the Gay Cruise Ground.
One of the people who lost his job because he was known as homosexual was an astronomer named Frank Kameny who was employed by the army’s map service. In 1961, Kameny, a Harvard-educated astronomer, stood alone against the federal government.
In 1956 he received his doctorate in astronomy from Harvard, and the following year he began working for the US Army’s Map Service. As Sputnik orbited the Earth, Dr. Frank Kameny, who had a doctorate from Harvard and worked for the US Army Map Service, was grilled by federal investigators about his sexual orientation.
The American astronomer and long-time gay rights activist Dr. Frank Kameny, who is celebrated as one of the most prominent figures of the LGBTQ movement in the USA, experienced the battles in World War II, after which he returned to the USA and received his doctorate in astronomy from Harvard University. At the age of seven Kameny became interested in the science of astronomy. The nation needed astronomers, but there were few qualified ones, so he earned a doctorate at Harvard and worked in the U.S. Army’s mapping service.
Dr. Kameny is a World War II U.S. Army veteran in Europe and served on the Selective Service Committee for 20 years. In June 2019 Kameny was one of the first fifty American pioneers, pioneers and heroes to be inducted into the National LGBTQ Wall of Honor at New York City’s Stonewall National Monument (SNM). He was featured in a Google Doodle celebrating Pride Month on June 2, 2021.
In 2009, more than half a century after his release, Kameny received an official apology from the US government. Franklin Edward “Frank” Kameny is often referred to as one of the most important figures in the American gay movement.
Kameny is credited with organizing one of the first gay rights groups in the United States;. Kameny was found dead on October 11th, 2011 in his Washington, D.C. home on National Coming Out Day.